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Prophet Muhammad’s Covenant with Christians to be Destroyed with Destruction of St. Catherine’s Monastery

(Photo: courtesy of the official website of the monastery)

(Photo: courtesy of the official website of the monastery)

In the ancient monastery of Saint Catherine’s at Mount Sinai in Egypt, there is a covenant of Prophet Muhammad’s in which he guarantees protection and other rights to the Christian communities of his realm.

But a retired Egyptian army general says he has filed a court case pushing for Saint Catherine’s to be demolished, thus displacing its Greek monks and potentially endangering Prophet Muhammad’s covenant.

According to Ahram, the Egyptian general, Ahmed Ragai Attiya, has called for the demolition of the monastery’s multiple churches, monk cells, gardens and other places of interest. Ahram has also noted that Attiya has leveled a host of accusations against the monastery’s monks, alleging that they have changed the names of landmarks in the surrounding area and tried to hide an underground water source known as Moses’ Well.

I have written several times about Saint Catherine’s, reminding both Muslims of the Prophet Muhammad’s tolerance for Christianity and Christians of Muhammad’s acceptance of Christians as part of his multi-ethnic community.

In the aftermath of a string of attacks during the summer of 2013 on Copts in Egypt, I highlighted that Egyptian Muslims were betraying Prophet Muhammad’s message of peace and goodwill to the Christian monks at Saint Catherine’s. In his covenant with them, Muhammad stated that there is to be no compulsion upon Christians and that their judges and homes should be safe from destruction. The Prophet of Islam also specifically mentioned ‘[n]o one is to destroy a [church], to damage it, or to carry anything from it.”

Dr. John Andrew Morrow, a scholar on Prophet Muhammad’s Covenants with non-Muslims – mainly Christians and Jews – has recently published his book The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad with the Christians of the World (published by Angelico Press, 2013) in which he discusses the importance of Saint Catherine’s Monastery.

As Morrow notes in his book which I reviewed, Saint Catherine’s is considered to be the only monastery in the world to serve as both a church and a mosque. Morrow writes that for centuries, “the sound of ringing church bells came from the monastery’s tower while the Muslim call to prayer was emitted from the minaret.” Morrow describes the location of these two religious buildings an “aural manifestation of monotheistic unity [which] would have made the Messenger of Allah [Muhammad] proud.”

In spite of Saint Catherine’s representing the goodness of Prophet Muhammad, people are calling for its destruction.

To destroy Saint Catherine’s would mean to destroy Muhammad’s orders for Muslims to tolerate Christianity. Destroying the monastery would not be a victory for anyone. It will be a catastrophe for Muslims and Christians.

Test Run of New 3CCD Camera in Bray, Ireland

A Biblical Poem of Love

Love is patient,

Love is kind.

*

It does not envy,

It does not boast,

It is not proud.

*

It does not dishonor others,

It is not self-seeking,

It is not easily angered,

It keeps no record of wrongs.

*

Love does not delight in evil

But rejoices with the truth.

*

It always protects,

Always trusts,

Always hopes,

Always perseveres.

*

Love never fails.

*

1 Corinthians 13: 4-8

Pope Francis and King of Jordan Oppose “Clash of Civilizations,” Call For “Culture of Dialogue”

Source: Royal Court

Source: Royal Court

His Majesty King Abdullah on Monday held talks with Pope Francis at the Vatican, focusing on bilateral relations, peace efforts and issues relating to dialogue and Islamic-Christian coexistence, according to a Royal Court statement.

During the meeting, the King voiced Jordan’s keenness on enhancing its relations with the Vatican as both sides are partners in promoting the values of peace, tolerance and coexistence between Islam and Christianity, the statement said.

The Monarch noted that Jordan is working with all stakeholders to establish a culture of dialogue and tolerance among members of all faiths, to counter violence, extremism and religious fanaticism.

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Christians & Muslims Stand Together Against New Forces of Extremism & Destruction

Source: colourbox.com

Mount of Olives Church in Jerusalem Source: colourbox.com

Source: Catholic News Agency

The Holy Land’s bishops have said that Christians and Muslims need to unite against extremism, stressing that people of all beliefs are at risk.

“Christians and Muslims need to stand together against the new forces of extremism and destruction,” the Assembly of Catholic Ordinaries of the Holy Land said in an April 2 statement posted on the website of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem.

“All Christians and many Muslims are threatened by these forces that seek to create a society devoid of Christians and where only very few Muslims will be at home,” the assembly continued. “All those who seek dignity, democracy, freedom and prosperity are under attack. We must stand together and speak out in truth and freedom.”

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Warm Pakistani-American Gathering Launches Ambassador Ahmed’s “Journey into Europe” Project

By Patrick Burnett

Warm company, kebabs and jalebi set the mood for a launch of Ambassador Akbar Ahmed’s latest book project, “Journey into Europe.”

Kosar Aftab and her husband Aftab Qureshi of the World Bank graciously hosted a dinner and launch event for Ambassador Akbar Ahmed, the Ibn Khaldun Chair of Islamic Studies at American University and the former Pakistani Ambassador to the UK, in their McLean, Va. home on Sunday, March 24, attracting a diverse crowd of Pakistani-Americans, Indian-Americans, and other prominent members of the D.C. and Northern Virginia community.

An evening of mingling amongst this accomplished crowd representing such prominent organizations as the World Bank and the Embassies of Pakistan and India in Washington provided an incredible window into the life and vigor that defines the Pakistani-American and Indian-American communities. However, the prestigious company was not the only highlight this celebration; this evening was a chance to pause and take a moment to celebrate Ambassador Ahmed’s accomplishments and his work to build bridges on an international scale.

“[Ambassador Ahmed] is an iconic figure throughout my beloved motherland Pakistan, and the Embassy in DC supports him fully,” said Commodore Adnan Ahmed, naval attaché to the Embassy of Pakistan, who went on to celebrate Ambassador Ahmed’s interfaith work and projects bridging Islam and the West. Commodore Ahmed has long been a dedicated supporter or Ambassador Ahmed’s work and his team, bringing a very personal context to the crowd. Mr. Qureshi certainly made a very wise choice in asking Commodore Ahmed to make the introductions.

Ambassador Ahmed’s latest project is diving into the centuries-long ties Islam has held with European society, focusing on such historical bridges as the interfaith political system and society of Andalucia, Spain. This study will be the fourth part of his award-winning quartet of books with Brookings Press, which include Journey into Islam, Journey into America, and The Thistle and the Drone, studies that have been celebrated by scholars and American foreign policy and defense officials alike.

Numerous prominent academics and members of the interfaith community have endorsed Ambassador Ahmed’s upcoming work. Dr. Edward Kessler, the founder and director of the Woolf Institute, writes, “Akbar and his team have the ability to come up with honest and forward-thinking comparative perspectives of modern global society even, perhaps especially, if they are uncomfortable and shatter stereotypes.”

Jonathan Benthall, the former director of the Royal Anthropological Institute, also writes, “Professor Ahmed has an impressive track record in producing substantial outputs as a result of his research, carried out with great energy both in the field and in libraries, and he is also highly regarded internationally as a courageous independent thinker on all issues relating to Islam.”

During remarks on the latest project and its importance for humanity and civilizational advancement, Ahmed went on to honor his team, stating, “Never ever doubt the next generation,” going on to discuss his team’s commitment to “the American values of patriotism, compassion and humanism” in their work and their everyday lives.

Ambassador Ahmed’s chief of staff, Harrison Akins, also opened the evening by discussing the impact of the trilogy and our methodology, stating, “It’s been a tremendous honor to work with Ambassador Ahmed on his series of important studies, which have had such a major impact, not only in policy circles in Washington, DC, but also in building bridges between different faiths and cultures across the world—something so desperately needed today.”

Frankie Martin, senior researcher for Ambassador Ahmed who holds a special place on the team as the most senior member, further commented, “The research team is like a family, and Ambassador Ahmed is our father figure.”

Journey into Europe will be the fourth project on which Frankie has assisted Ambassador Ahmed, making him the only team member to have played an active role in producing the entire quartet.

Frankie’s comments definitely said it all on what it means to be a part of this enthusiastic research team. As the youngest member of the team, I felt very honored being asked to briefly speak and close the presentation. But even more so, I felt very honored to be amongst such wonderful people celebrating the work of a man who truly lives by what he preaches and uses his keen intellect and energy to make the world a place of greater understanding and compassion through knowledge.

Not only was the evening my first time speaking as a representative of the research team, but also, as a young American from Ohio, my first time in a Pakistani home. I was immediately blown away by the tremendous hospitality and warmth with which I was received.

I felt so honored by compliments and best wishes from the attendees on our work, but even more so, I felt at home with the ladies’ kind, motherly insistence that the team and I get in the front of the line for the buffet-style dinner so that we would all have enough food to eat. It was like being at my own family gatherings and hearing my grandma ensure the grandkids all have more than enough food to eat. The food was remarkable in and of itself too—including the Kosars’ spectacular eggplant dip, kebabs, pilau rice, and jalebi, amongst many others in a smorgasbord of Pakistani cuisine. Food really is the best way to the heart.

Just to add to the hearty hospitality, the Kosars’ young grandson was able to join the celebration too. We could all hear him playing with his toys in the background of the discussion, which served not to distract but rather to lighten the evening and comfort with the feeling of a true family gathering.

The evening also provided a window for me into the Pakistani-American community, and the care and warmth with which the members all treat one another. Seeing such accomplished individuals as Commodore Ahmed and Mr. Qureshi greet Ambassador Ahmed with the embraces and jokes of the type only long-lost brothers could share only showed the deep ties and relationships that the Pakistani community kindles amongst itself.

Watching the lively friendships and conversations amongst Pakistanis, Indians and Americans alike, all brought together for this cause of advancing peace through research, served too as a reminder of the common humanity that channels through all of us in spite of larger conflicts and disagreements. Americans of all political persuasions and understandings of Islam enjoyed a meal directly alongside their dear Pakistani friends, and the Pakistanis all welcomed their Indian friends with open arms during the evening—images one would not expect given conventional stereotypes.

In any case, the enthusiasm of our hosts and fellow guests during this wonderful evening further convinced me of the gravity of our project and the support of our fellow Americans of all backgrounds. As Begum Kosar Aftab exclaimed, “I think what you all are doing is great. I wish I could do more.”

It is this sort of support that drives all of us on the team to keep journeying into what brings our common humanity together. Next stop: Europe.

5 Amazing Facts About Islam in Western Culture

Christian and Muslim playing chess in Medieval Europe Source: Wikimedia

Christian and Muslim playing chess in Medieval Europe Source: Wikimedia

  1. Transmission of Greek philosophy – Perhaps the greatest Muslim contribution to European civilization began in the 8th century when Muslim scholars inherited volumes of Greek philosophy. The wisdom in ancient Greek texts, which had been lost to Europeans, was translated from Latin to Arabic by Muslim scholars, thus creating one of the greatest transmissions of knowledge in world history. Muslim scholars would eventually bring the ideas of great ancient Greek minds such as Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato into Europe, where their philosophy was translated into other European languages. This is why Muslims are the main threshold behind the European Renaissance and the Enlightenment, two movements that resurrected Greek philosophy and gave new life into a European continent that was bogged down with religious dogma and bloody internal conflicts.
  2. Distinguished scholars – Scholars in Muslim Spain made acquiring knowledge, or ilm, their life goal. Perhaps the most notable of these scholars is Al-Ghazzali, a Sufi Muslim who in the 11th and 12th centuries revolutionized early Islamic philosophy by developing Neoplatonism, which is which is often described as the “mystical” or “religious” interpretation of Greek philosophy. At the time of Al-Ghazali’s writing, Muslim philosophers had read about the ideas of ancient Greece, but these ideas were generally perceived to be in conflict with Islamic teachings. Al-Ghazali helped synthesize these elements by adopting the techniques of Aristotelian logic and the Neoplatonic ways to diminish the negative influences of excessive Islamic rationalism.
  3. Importance of education – Spanish Muslims of Andalucía were especially strong advocates of education and helped to dispel the gloom that had enveloped Europe during the Dark Ages. Between the 8th and 15th centuries, Andalucía was perhaps the world’s epicenter for education and knowledge. Spanish universities such as those in Cordoba, Granada, and Seville, had Christian and Jewish students who learned science from Muslims. Women were also encouraged to study in Muslim Spain. This educational environment that stressed tolerance would not reach the “Western world” until the 19th and 20th centuries.
  4. Founder of modern sociology – Ibn Khaldun is another one of the most important Muslim thinkers in history. Recognized as one of the greatest historians ever and the founder of sociological sciences in the 14th and 15th centuries, Khaldun created one of the earliest nonreligious philosophies in history in his work, the Muqaddimah. He also paved the way for our expectations of modern-day Presidents and Prime Ministers by creating a framework for evaluating “good rulers,” stating “the sovereign exists for the good of the people… The necessity of a Ruler arises from the fact that human beings have to live together and unless there is some one to maintain order, society would break to pieces.”
  5. Contributions to health care – Medicine is another crucial contribution to civilization made by Muslims in addition to education and the university system. In 872 in Cairo, Egypt, the Ahmad ibn Tulun hospital was created and equipped with an elaborate institution and a range of functions. Like other Islamic hospitals that soon followed, Tulun was a secular institution open to men and women, adults and children, the rich and poor, as well as Muslims and non-Muslims. Tulun is also the earliest hospital to give care to the mentally ill. One hundred years after the founding of Tulun, a surgeon named Al-Zahrawi, often called the “father of surgery,” wrote an illustrated encyclopedia that would ultimately be used as a guide to European surgeons for the next five hundred years. Al-Zarawhi’s surgical instruments, such as scalpels, bone saws, and forceps are still used by modern surgeons. Al-Zahrawi is also reportedly the first surgeon to perform a caesarean operation.

Read more of my original article: Overcoming Historical Amnesia: Muslim Contributions to Civilization

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